“power as domination” paradigm – any visible difference ignites a battle for supremacy, there is not place for “both-and” no place for respectful and collaborative bridging across differences.
3 ways people handle difference: Ignore it, Copy it if we think it’s dominant, or destroy it if it’s subordinate.
Therapy based in liberation consciousness works to dismantle the hierarchy of power underlying White male heterosexual privilege.
White men are to understand and intervene in a truly respectful and constructive fashion with families, we must engage in training relationships with women, people of color, and people who are gay and lesbian, in which we can experience a strong measure of accountability.
Ch 19 Biracial Legitimacy
Ch 34 Coyote Returns
current mental health issues for Native Americans
Loss of land
loss of language
loss of traditions (hunting, fishing, spiritual practices)
loss of Identity
Mental health effects of historical trauma include:
Ch 32 Interracial Asian Couples
The ways in which racism affects Asian Americans are often not visible to non-Asians, because when race is discussed in the United States, the focus tends to be on the Black-White dichotomy.
In most asian cultures marriage is defined as a union of two cultures, instead of individuals.
Ch 4 Social Class
Three Myths and Realities
1) We are a classless society
2) Yet we all have an equal chance of upward mobility
Therefore we are all individually responsible for what we have or do not have
Blesse are the poor – poverty is synonymous with virtue
Im Middle Class – Most americans idetntify themselves as belonging to middle class.
All Black People are Poor and all white people are rich
Only the Poor Receive Welfare
Ch 28 A fifth-Province Approach to Intracultural Issues in an Irish Context
The couple is telling you what you need to know
ch 1 Listening
Receptive listening -
Authentication, a way that is respecting and welcoming.
Being respectful and inviting, encouraging hopefulness.
Developing a keen sensitivity to what is spoken and searching for what remains to be said.
Active Listening -
Paying attention, interactive process in which clarity is continually sought. Learning about the meaning clients attributes to stories.
Bringing forth the subtle or invisibile aspect of stories tied to multicultural. integrating client feedback into the conversation. Using client feedback to create new questions.
Validation – understanding the meanings the client attributes to life experiences.
Listening for meanings – (ex: where do you each of you learn the idea for matters of money?)
Ch 2 Language
Privileging the client’s voice -
The therapist listening and responding with and attitude that honors and reflects the clients expertise. this validates the clients experience.
Actively use the client’s words and phrases when making comments and asking questions.
Explore and clarify meanings the partners give to their stories. Instilling hope by naming and building upon the couple’s strengths energies and efforts.
Reframing – Use of language skills that rename life situations in which the client may feel powerless and immobilized by a question that is either unacknowledged or hidden.
Diffusing negative or critical comments – ongoing responsibility of the therapist to be aware of certain language that limits and constrains our thinking and to address the use of such words with clients.
Using Developmental perspectives – utilize life cycle stages to reframe.