Challenges homeless face: Lack most of the material foundations that enable human growth – housing with adequate space, informal networks of social support and child care, safe places for children to play, affordable and reliable transportation, steady income.
Homeless families experience stigmas of: lazy, mentally ill. The policies of homeless shelters represent a major source of stigma in how they are enforced.
children may be parentified to do tasks of an adult to help the family.
therapists should adopt and maintain the collaborative, resilience-oriented stance. And establish a “re humanizing” relationship for the families strength to reemerge.
Usefulness of shelter-based multiple family group programs: helps create “micro-communities” of support and care within the shelter that extend beyond the group, to help reach many families at once.
Externalize Homelessness: Helps families to separate their fundamental identity format their current conditions and stressors, creating more space to expand on descriptions and activities that reassert their preferred identity and putting the experience of homelessness in its place.
Family Play and Creative Activities: Challenge and coping mobiles and collages, work and housing genogram, family and work goals time line, Letters to or from the Future.
THERAPIST CULTURAL LEGACIES
Ch8 Finding a Place Called “Home”
Growing up with privilege author states: There were many things about my oppression that I grew up not knowing or not knowing that I knew, many issues that were mystified, obscured, or kept invisible by my community, my family, teachers.
Home is a place where we could own our cultural heritage and not have our deepest stories denied. Being of privilege is like carrying a knapsack which contains special provisions, maps, passports, and visas, bank checks, and emergency gear.
ch 9 Black Genealogy Revisited
SEaling off the past has been a way of dealing with the pain, hardship, humiliation, and degradation that have marked African American history from slave times to the present. Only by exploring this painful history can we learn of the ingenious survival practices developed during and after slavery.
author concluded that the White man was the original abandoning father in this country.
In Nigeria there was no illegitimacy, if a man impregnated a woman, he married her.
There are a large number of Whites who have Black blood. In Louisiana a person could only be considered legally White if had no more than 1/64th Black blood.
Restoring the family: Defensive behavior only reinforces secrets – rigidifying costly emotional cutoffs, fragmenting personal and group identity, and creating for individuals within the family a non authentic sense of self. Undoing secrets and facing shame.
Families who adapt to racism: Some slaves simply adopted White definitions of them as lazy, dumb, evil, sexually dirty etc. in the course of playing a role. Others internalized these definitions, those who felt most powerless assumed these behaviors. Others identified with the aggressor – by mimicking the values of the slave master as superior, entitled, and super competent.